Parliament's proclamation that Nepal was a republic also occurred on a Friday. It is widely believed that Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala was deeply convinced that as long as King Gyanendra remained in the power structure, there was always danger to the democratic order in Nepal.  He served as the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Coronation of his brother King Birendra in 1975. Bhimsen Thapa was made a second kaji; Ranajit Pande, who was the father-in-law of Bhimsen's brother, was made the Mul (Chief) Kaji; Sher Bahadur Shah, Rana Bahadur's half-brother, was made the Mul (Chief) Chautariya; while Rangnath Paudel was made the Raj Guru (royal spiritual preceptor). , In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. Out of Kathmandu, the latest breaking news,analysis and opinion from Nepal and the world on politics, business, sports, entertainment, and much mores Therefore, the visitors wrote birthday wishes on registers kept at the Nirmal Niwas Palace. He said that his attempt was not a success and so the countrymen are suffering at present. Pro-king supporters clash with riot police as they march demanding reinstating monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago in Kathmandu, Nepal, Monday, Jan.11, 2021.  As per historians and contemporary writer Francis Hamilton, the government of Nepal[note 2] comprised, As for Regmi states, the government of Nepal comprised, In 1794, King Rana Bahadur Shah came of age and his first act was to re-constitute the government such that his uncle, Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal, had no official part to play. In October 2002, King Gyanendra, citing the Maoist uprising in the countryside as his reason, began taking over different aspects of the government with the army’s assistance. This was done by the Constituent Assembly, without a referendum. The President of Nepal serves as the nation’s head of state. Girija Prasad, as the main leader, had talks with the King and the agreement for monarchy's position. He was 51 years old and had been king since May, 1956. In November 2005, the Maoists joined other political parties to sign a 12-point agreement. KATMANDU Nepal, Jan 31 —King Mahendra bf Nepal died today after suffering a heart attack yesterday the Government announced. He said that no people[clarification needed] would accept the "bill" unless decided by a referendum or elected members in the constituent assembly.  The royal family's departure from the palace was reported as a "major symbolic moment in the fall of the Shah dynasty, which had unified Nepal in the 1760s".. , On 8 July 2019, the former king's birthday was observed by thousands of Nepalese who marked the occasion by marching to his private residence at Nirmal Niwas Palace. On 15 January 2007 the interim parliament was set up with CPN-M included, and on 1 April 2007, the interim government joined by CPN-M was formed. King could work as the head of state in Nepal before 2065 BS. However, Dr. KC did note that the former monarch showed great concerns for the condition of the Nepalese in times of economic turmoil and political suppression. In May 2002, he supported the popularly elected Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba when he dismissed the parliament elected in 1999. , In July 2019, the former king summoned acclaimed political analyst Dr. Surendra KC where the two discussed the current political environment of the nation. The former was an established political party and the latter emerged from a decade-long armed conflict in which some 13,000 people lost their lives. He was deposed by the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008, thereby declaring the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolishing the 240-year reign of the Shah Dynasty.  There was no protest on the first day. Following the dissolution of the Nepali Congress government by King Mahendra in 1960, Nepal reverted to a “Panchayat system” under absolute monarchy and remained so until 1990. The agreement between the parties and Gyanendra under Indian supervision was not honored by the parties. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of Nepal.  The government on practicality was not an absolute monarchy due to the dominance of Nepalese political clans making the Shah monarch a puppet ruler. The Rana Prime Minister provided a 300,000 rupee annual budget as expenditure for the King.  In some cases they are de facto leaders not occupying either of those positions or prime ministers who are not heads of government. King Gyanendra also said that law and order in the country was deteriorating, and questioned the interim government's ability to govern the country even after he had accepted the road map of the seven-party alliance. He had planned to worship at various holy shrines in the district. " Ideals of the old Bharadari governmentship. Later, Kirtiman Singh was secretly assassinated on 28 September 1801, by the supporters of Raj Rajeshwari Devi and his brother Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, was then given the post of Chief (Mul) Kaji. , King Gyanendra studied with his elder brother King Birendra at St. Joseph's School, Darjeeling, India; in 1969, he graduated from Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu. The move did not affect the properties he owned before his accession to the throne. The government is led by a Kshatriya king guided by Brahmins in his court. Here the government of Nepal can simply be called, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPradhan2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFAcharya2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmacharya2005 (, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration, Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport, Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Supplies, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Ministry of Information and Communications, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Ministry of Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation, Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Ministry of Women, Children and Senior Citizen, Ministry of Health and Population (Nepal), Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority, National Natural Resources and Fiscal Commission, Inspector General (सशस्त्र प्रहरी महानिरीक्षक), "Timilsina officially elected as NA chairperson", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Government_of_Nepal&oldid=999111966, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 15:18. He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950.  After opposition to the hereditary rule of the Rana Prime Ministers from India, a deal was reached in January 1951, and Gyanendra's grandfather King Tribhuvan returned to Nepal and resumed the throne. The interview was published in Japan's leading newspaper, Daily Yomiuri. His second reign began after the 2001 Nepalese royal Massacre. Replying to a question raised regarding the King's silence even after the bill was passed declaring the state a republic, he said that there was nothing for the King to respond to. However, he conceded that the people do have the right to choose the fate of the monarchy. In an interview with Nepal Aaja, Dr. KC remarked that the former king did not show any active interest to return to the throne or into politics. His reign ended about two years later. United Nations, UNDP Nepal, SAARC, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WTO.  Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. It is noteworthy to mention that the RPP-N had recently submitted 2.35 million signatures to the CA demanding a referendum for the fate of the 240-year old monarchy and a Hindu state. King Mahendra assumed the largely titular head of state position given the monarchy under the 1959 constitution, did not intervene with the governance of the country, and spent most of his time touring Nepal or travelling abroad. " This isn't a democracy. Once parliament dissolves, Israelis will head to the polls in March for a fourth time since early 2019, this time in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, a major economic recession, and while Netanyahu is on trial for a series of corruption charges. , On 27 May 2008, the meeting decided to give Gyanendra fifteen days to vacate the palace and decided that the first meeting would be held the next day at 11 am; however, it was delayed due to the indecision among the leading parties on power-sharing and the nomination of 26 members of the Constituent Assembly. , Gyanendra left the Narayanhiti Palace in Kathmandu on 11 June 2008, moving into the Nagarjuna Palace. Nepal Bhutan ... She told Nikkei that the German government should stop accommodating the Thai head of state.  In the end of the 18th century, the central politics was regularly dominated by two notable political factions; Thapas and Pandes. Nepal - Nepal - Fall of the monarchy: The country’s political life in the 1990s and 2000s was marked by prolonged instability as the monarchy, the NC, and Maoists jostled for power. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours Monday with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state.  The government was stated to have controlled by regents, Mukhtiyars and alliance of political faction with strong fundamental support.  Thus, King Gyanendra's confrontational approach with the established political parties met with widespread censure. The king’s reign can be cut short by a two-thirds majority vote from the legislature and after that a referendum where a simple majority in all of the nation’s twenty districts is required.  International organizations expressed grave concerns about the safety of journalists, following the king's decision to restrict civil liberties, including freedom of the press, the constitutional protection against censorship and the right against preventive detention.. He claimed that his attempt on 1 February 2005 was for a good purpose—restoring peace and stability in the country. If either of the candidates fails to garner the majority of the delegate’s votes, a runoff pits the top two candidates until one of them gets th… The head of state is the President and the Prime Minister holds the position of the Head of executive.  The King was considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and was the chief authority over legislative, judiciary and executive functions. , On 23 August 2007 Nepal's transitional government nationalised all the properties Gyanendra inherited from his brother, including the Narayanhiti Royal Palace. Further, the image of a potential benevolent ruler would have been critical in accelerating the process. The cu… Speaking to a select group of Japanese correspondents at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace on 4 February 2008, King Gyanendra said, "[The decision] doesn't reflect the majority view of the people. , In an interview, King Gyanendra's advisor, Bharat Keshar Singh, claimed that the bill passed by the parliament was a bluff. During his early years on the throne, King Gyanendra sought to exercise full control over the government, citing the failure of all the political parties to hold an election after the parliament was dissolved. Nepalese students affiliated with Nepal Student Union chant slogans against prime minister Khadga Prasad Oli during a protest in Kathmandu, Nepal, Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. The task to elect Nepal’s president rests with an electoral college constituting the country’s parliament and members of the provincial legislatures. ... response rebutting its finding that the German government could act against the king if it wished. The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra's reign interfered with elections of representatives. Citing the recent survey which showed 49% of respondents favoured the continuation of the monarchy in some form, Gyanendra claimed, "A majority of the people find great meaning in the institution of the monarchy. Nepal's Supreme Court on Friday issued a show-cause notice to the Oli-led government, asking it to submit a written clarification over its decision to abruptly dissolve Parliament. He walked in the rain through the general public for more than one kilometre.  A new government was constituted with favoring officials. 5 of 5 Nepalese pro-king supporters march demanding reinstating monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago in Kathmandu, Nepal, Monday, Jan.11, 2021. An agreement was reached between the parties under the supervision of the Indian ruling Congress that the monarchy would have a place in the new constitution. All powers of the 239-year-old monarchy were stripped, making Gyanendra a civilian king. Two years later, a newly elected parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and declared Nepal a republic with a president as head of state. Let us hope.  When the exiled abdicated King Rana Bahadur Shah prepared his return in 1804, he arrested many government officials including then Chief Kaji Damodar Pande and sacked the reigning government. No. The head of government, by contrast, is the person who actually leads the government in creating and enforcing policies.  Later in April 1806, tensions arose between Chief Chautariya Sher Bahadur Shah and Mukhtiyar Rana Bahadur Shah on the night of 25 April 1806 during a meeting at Tribhuvan Khawas's house where around 10 pm, Sher Bahadur in desperation drew a sword and killed Rana Bahadur Shah before being cut down by nearby courtiers, Bam Shah and Bal Narsingh Kunwar, also allies of Bhimsen. In May 1991, Nepal held its first parliamentary elections. First, the idea of monarchy itself is outdated and regressive. Police blocked the main road to the prime minister's office, using batons to beat the protesters, who responded by throwing rocks and sticks. Like the warrior king, he too was led astray by a luring fate and overweening ambition. In October 2002, he dismissed Deuba and consolidated his power for the first time.  In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. , During a private party at Trisara restaurant in Durbarmarg, a picture taken of the former king dancing caused significant unrest and outcry, most notably from Maoist leader Prachanda and prime minister Oli. Weeks of street protests in 2006 forced then King Gyanendra to abandon his authoritarian rule and introduce democracy. , Despite having all of the properties he inherited from his late brother King Birendra nationalized, the former king still retained all of his personal wealth prior to his enthronement. His new residence consists of ten buildings including the royal residence Hemanta Bas, three guesthouses (Barsha Bas, Sharad Bas and Grishma Bas), one office secretariat and one staff quarters. But Nepal barely has political ground prepared for the king to return to his deposed throne. This was for a bill to amend the constitution to make Nepal a republic. , King Gyanendra promised that "peace and effective democracy" would be restored within three years.  Kirtiman had succeeded Abhiman Singh Basnyat as Chief Kaji while Prince Bahadur Shah was succeeded as Chief (Mul) Chautariya by Prince Ranodyot Shah, then heir apparent of King Rana Bahadur Shah by a Chhetri Queen Subarna Prabha Devi. This page lists the national rulers in the world. ", "All the king's businesses- Nepali Times", Nepal: Ex-King accorded touching greet en route, arrives Pokhara, The Himalayan Times : Ex-king's Myagdi visit cancelled over protest - Detail News : Nepal News Portal, "Final Programmes for The Coronation and The Silver Jubilee Celebration", Unofficial translation of the commission report on the palace incident, King of Nepal is stoned by crowd. Portrait Name (Birth–Death) Term of office King (Reign) Took office Left office While the Nepali Congress had a long history of democratic struggle, the Nepal Communist Party was formed only in 2018 after the merger of CPN-UML and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre). , Developments after the demise of Constituent Assembly, Princess Prerana Rajya Lakshmi Devi Singh, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, "Nepal: King Tribhuvan and fall of the Ranas", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "State of Emergency Imperils Information Flow", King urged to let boy, 5, be Nepal’s saviour, "Nepal becomes a federal democratic republic", "Ex-King Gyanendra says he accepts CA decision; prepares to leave Narayanhiti", "Govt decides to give Nagarjuna palace to ex-King", "BBC NEWS, Former Nepal king to leave palace", "thaindian.com, Former King Gyanendra prepares to leave Narayanhiti Palace", "Nepal king, facing ouster, urges people to vote", "Nepali king slams decision to abolish the monarchy", "Former King Gyanendra of Nepal wants to be reinstated", "Economic crisis and corruption favour the return of former Hindu king", "Former King Gyanendra's birthday observed", "Does Nepali Congress intend to let ex-king Gyanendra Shah and Hinduists regroup, gain ground? Bharadar translates as 'bearers of burden of state'. The heads of constitutional bodies are appointed by the President on the recommendation of Constitutional Council, with the exception of the Attorney General, who is appointed by the President on the recommendation of Prime Minister. There is something eerily Macbeth-like about King Gyanendra's fling with the throne. A two-man investigation team appointed by Gyanendra and made up of Keshav Prasad Upadhaya, then-Supreme Court Chief Justice, and Taranath Ranabhat, then-Speaker of the House of Representatives, carried out a week-long investigation. Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008) Before 1800s.  Gyanendra accepted the decision in the following days.  He was declared Mukhtiyar (Chief Authority) of Nepal and led the new government from a royal mandate of minor King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah. On 7 February 2008 the BBC reported King Gyanendra as saying to Japanese journalists: "The Nepali people themselves should speak out on where the nation is heading, on the direction it is taking and on why it is becoming chaotic [...]. They are heads of state and heads of government.. According to Article 167 of the constitution, all executive powers as well as those enjoyed by the King in the previous Constitution were now vested in the prime minister. The head of state is the President and the Prime Minister holds the position of the Head of executive. Also, there is no Nepali version of Franco in sight to install the king back in power. When asked if he would consider becoming actively involved in politics, he said that he is not a politician. On 10 June 2006, the Parliament scrapped the major powers of the King, including his right to veto laws. Apparently searching for a new national emblem has formed part of these developments. [note 1] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. In April 2006, the seven-party alliance and the then banned CPN Maoist party in an underground manner[clarification needed] staged protests and strikes in Kathmandu against Gyanendra's direct rule. The elections were thus perceived to constitute a strong endorsement of the 1990 political changes, and G.P. BBC 16 February 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gyanendra_of_Nepal&oldid=998454195, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (France), Grand Crosses of the Order of the House of Orange, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Recipients of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud, Members of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, Articles with dead external links from August 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 13:04. 2002. He claimed that the King was examining the activities of the government and the parliament and was waiting for a suitable time to respond to them. ", King Gyanendra had broken his closely guarded silence in an interview with a Nepali weekly paper in which he said he remained silent to "let the peace process succeed". He took over the administration of Nepal by assuming the position of Mukhtiyar (chief authority). Following his departure, the Narayanhiti Palace was turned into a museum, while Gyanendra's diamond- and ruby-encrusted Crown and royal sceptre, along with all the other crown jewels and royal assets, became government property.